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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 306-309

Prevalence of iron deficiency in patients with heart failure

Cardiac Center, Azadi Teaching Hospital, Duhok, Kurdistan, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dersim Muslih Hussein
Azadi Teaching Hospital, Duhok
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_100_18

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Background: Heart failure(HF) is a common health issue with the prevalence between 1% and 2% in public; in addition, it is a major risk factor for mortality, morbidity, and low quality of life. The prevalence of iron deficiency(ID) in patients with chronic HF(CHF) was examined in the present study. Materials and Methods: In the present cross-sectional, iron parameters of patients hospitalized for CHF decompensation were prospectively assessed within the 72h following admission to hospital. ID was established as serum ferritin<100 μg/ml(absolute ID) and serum ferritin between 100 and 299 μg/ml with transferrin saturation<20%(functional ID) in accordance with the European Society of Cardiology HF Guidelines 2012. Results: The present study showed that the prevalence of absolute and functional iron deficiencies in patients with CHF was 44.9% and 18.8%, respectively, and 36.2% did not have the ID. The study did not find a significant difference in ID between male and female patients and between the patients with and without comorbidities. Conclusions: The present study suggests that ID is very common in patients admitted for CHF.

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