• Users Online: 103
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 326-333

Smoking and its correlates among secondary school students in Al-Hilla City 2018

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Hilla, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Hasan A Baiee
Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Hilla
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_66_18

Get Permissions

Background: Although the prevalence of smoking has been decreasing in the developed countries in recent years, the less developed countries, such as Iraq, are facing an impact from smoking prevalence rise. Objective: The study objective was to assess the prevalence of smoking and its correlates among secondary school students. Materials and Methods: Adescriptive cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted on the secondary school students 4th, 5th, and 6thfor males and females who were indiscriminately selected from 15secondary schools located in Al-Hilla city\Babylon Province\Iraq during the period from March 7 to April 30, 2018. Aquestionnaire adapted from global school-based student health survey(2013) was used to collect data. Results: Of 860 students, only 810 responded and completed the questionnaire (response rate 94.2%). The overall prevalence of smoking was 32.0%, and the majority of smokers were male. The dominant type of tobacco smoking in this study appeared to be a hookah in about two-thirds(one-third exclusive hookah smoking and one-third mixed hookah and cigarette smoking), and multiple reasons have been found to impulse the student to smoking and that the friend was the first tobacco source. Asignificant association has been found between tobacco smoking and gender, age, grade, income, marital status, having alive parents, abuse, early age work, school performance, having a family member with medical diseases, family relationship, and sleeping difficulties(P<0.05). Conclusion: The high prevalence of smoking was revealed among secondary school students, especially hookah tobacco smoking, and some factors appear to play a pivotal role in smoking initiation. Hence, preventive measures need to be applied.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded48    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal