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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 385-390

Predictors of knowledge and practice of prostate cancer screening among commercial motorcyclists in Ilesa Town in Southwestern Nigeria


1 Department of Community Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, College of Health Sciences, LAUTECH, Osogbo, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe
Department of Community Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_103_18

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Background: In Nigeria, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among men. Nigeria men are ignorant of the risk factors for the disease despite rising prevalence, despite the country's movement toward a demographically aging population. For a measurable change in behaviors, it is important to assess existing knowledge to inform policy and programmatic decisions. Objective: This study was undertaken to determine the predictors of knowledge and practice of prostate cancer screening among commercial motorcyclists in Ilesa town of Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 400 eligible commercial motorcycle riders selected using the multistage sampling method. Research instrument used were semi-structured pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software version17.0. Results: Mean age of respondents was 39.5±2.4years. Fifty-seven percent and 27.6% were aware of prostate cancer and prostate cancer screening, respectively, with the mass media being the source of information. Fifty-seven percent had poor mean knowledge while 63.0% had good mean attitude toward prostate cancer screening. Although only 3%have gone for prostate cancer screening before, about 95% were willing to go for prostate cancer screening test. Age, marital status, and education status were all significantly associated with good knowledge and practice of prostate cancer screening(P<0.05). Predictors of good knowledge and practice of prostate cancer screening were being educated, age<45years, being married and being in polygamous setting. Conclusion: Moderate awareness and knowledge, good attitude, and poor practice of prostate cancer screening were found among studied respondents. This calls for stakeholders in cancer care to create more awareness, organize sensitization programs, and implement community-based programs that would increase access to screening for prostate cancer.


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