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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 167-173

Evaluation of Serum Vitamin D level in patients with inflammatory bowel disease in Duhok Governorate

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Azad Saleh Mohammed
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_17_19

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Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a common problem in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Objectives: The aim of the current study was to measure serum Vitamin D concentrations (25 (OH) D) in patients with IBD and examine its relation to the severity of disease. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of adult patients diagnosed with IBD including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease compared to sex-matched controls from an outpatient clinic in a public hospital in Iraq between February 2018 and May 2018. The Vitamin D deficiency levels were assessed as below 20 ng/ml as deficient, between 20 and 30 ng/ml as insufficient, and >30 ng/ml as sufficient level. Results: Serum Vitamin D levels were measured in 145 patients including 68 patients (median age: 30.5 ± 17.25) and 77 healthy controls (median age: 52.00 ± 12.25) ranged 18–63 years. Further, the median length of disease progression was 3.0 years. Serum Vitamin D levels were significantly lower in patients (IBD or separately) compared to healthy controls. However, such significant difference was not found between patients with respect to Vitamin D and disease severity. In addition, it was confirmed that disease severity is related to Vitamin D deficiency in IBD patients. Conclusions: The current study revealed that the patients with IBD have a significantly lower level of Vitamin D compared to healthy control group. In addition, the Vitamin D deficiency is related to disease severity.

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