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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 340-345

Antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection among children and adolescents with beta-thalassemia major

Department of Pediatric, Medical College, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dlair Abdulkhaleq Chalabi
Department of Pediatric, Medical College, Hawler Medical University, Erbil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_40_19

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Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) was encountered as one of the most common infections transmitted through blood transfusion to thalassemic patients. After the discovery of new generations of antiviral drugs labeled direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drug since 2014, promising results were reported compared to older regimen of Peginterferon with or without ribavirin (RBV). Objective: The main objective of the study is to assess the hepatitis C viral status of multitransfused beta-thalassemia major patients and the sustained viral response rate to different modalities of therapy. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in Erbil Thalassemia Center. A sample of all children and adolescent (18 years or younger) patients of beta-thalassemia major with HCV antibody positive were reviewed according to the available medical records in the center. They were divided into two groups ( first who received interferon ([IFN] ± RBV and second who received sofosbuvir (SOF) and daclatasvir [DCV]) for the aim of the study. Results: Among registered 695 patients with thalassemia major screened for HCV antibody, 659 children and adolescents were included and 186 were tested seropositive (28.22%), and they had been submitted to polymerase chain reaction analysis with HCV-RNA identified in 110 (59.13% of initially ELISA test positive). IFN-dependent therapy was given to 87 patients, while sofosbuvir and DCV for remaining 21 patients, sustained viral response was 100% among those received latter therapy with no reported relapse compared to former regimen of 44.3% sustained response and 6.33% relapse rate. Conclusion: DAA drug has a promising therapeutic result replacing the old therapy of IFN-RBV among thalassemic patients with 100% response rate in the study group.

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