• Users Online: 238
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-40

Prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency and its correlate with overweight and obesity in community-dwelling old adults


1 Department of Community Health Nursing, College Nursing, University of Babylon, Hilla, Iraq
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, Hammurabi College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Hilla, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ismael Hasan Jawad
Department of Community Health Nursing, College Nursing, University of Babylon, Hilla
Iraq
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_98_19

Get Permissions

Background: Vitamin D has different biological actions in the body. Vitamin D has the pleiotropic effects in multiple organ systems, and Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) was suggested to be associated with overweight and obesity according to previous reports. Several interventional studies have examined the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on overweight and obesity. Objectives: the aim of this study is to identify the prevalence of VDD and its correlate with overweight and obesity in community-dwelling old adults. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that included convenient consecutive sample of elderly people who attended the office of retired employees and the elders' home in Hilla City-Babylon Province–Iraq. The period of the study started from the first of January to September 2019, and a pretested semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview the participants after obtaining their verbal consent. The sample included (300) old adults of both genders; the serum level of Vitamin D was assessed by chemoimmunoassay method. The weight was measured in kilograms by using weight measuring balanced scale for all individuals, and height was measured (in centimeters) by using a fixed board in standing position without shoes, the head in the horizontal plane. The body mass index was calculated according to weight in kg/height in m2. Results: The study included 300 participants; most of the study sample had either insufficiency or deficiency of Vitamin D level. Obese and overweight elders in this study had significant low serum Vitamin D level (both deficiency and insufficiency of vitamin) as compared to the nonobese group; this difference was statistically significant P < 0.05. Conclusion: There was a significant inverse relationship between Vitamin D level and excess body weight in Iraqi old adults.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed267    
    Printed21    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded48    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal