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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 172-176

Assessment of biochemical parameters and study its correlation in ß-Thalassemia major patients and healthy controls in Kirkuk City, Iraq

Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Israa Ghassan Zainal
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_77_19

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Background: Thalassemia is the name of a group of genetically (acquired) blood diseases, which include defects on the production of hemeprotein, and fractional or complete damage to the combination of a particular sort of simple protein chain. The defect might have an effect on the “α, γ and δ” chains or might have an effect on few combination of the “β, γ and δ” chains within the same patient. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the various protein parts in the ß-thalassemia major (BTM) patients in the city of Kirkuk compared to the healthy control group. Materials and Methods: Seventy blood samples were divided into two groups – 45 patients with BTM samples; they visited Azadi Hospital/Kirkuk city and 25 samples of healthy controls as a control group. Results: The results of the correlation coefficient showed that there were significant positive correlation between total protein (TP) and albumin and albumin and albumin/globulin ratio and significant negative correlation between globulin and albumin/globulin ratio. Finally, nonsignificant positive correlation between TP and thiol, TP and globulin, TP and albumin-globulin ratio, albumin/thiol, globulin and free amino and globulin and thiol and non-significant negative correlation between TP and free amino, thiol and carbonyl, thiol and free amino, carbonyl and free amino, albumin and carbonyl, albumin and free amino, albumin and globulin, and globulin and carbonyl. Conclusion: The correlation studies between the above parameters indicated a negative relationship between TP and free amine in β-thalassemia patients. These results reinforce the importance of measuring both TP and free amine concentration to investigate their development of β-thalassemia complications. Also, measuring both thiol and free amine yields is also important for the same reason.

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