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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 267-271

Cigarette smoking and serum level of Vitamin D among older adults

1 Department of Community Health Nursing, College Nursing, University of Babylon, Hilla, Iraq
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, Hammurabi College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Hilla, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Ismael Hasan Jawad
Department of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Babylon, Hilla
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_28_20

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Background: Vitamin D has different biological actions in the body. Vitamin D has pleiotropic effects in multiple organ systems. Vitamin D deficiency has been found to have an inverse relationship with tobacco smoking. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of Vitamin D level and its correlates with tobacco smoking among old adults in Al-Hilla city, Babylon Province. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of old adults, both males and females, who were selected from dwellers in community of Al-Hilla city, Babylon Province, Iraq, during the period from January to August 2019. A pretested questionnaire was used for data collection adopted from previous standard national surveys and studies, and the questionnaire included information about sociodemographic characteristics and cigarette smoking habit. Results: The study included 300 participants, and most of them had either insufficiency or deficiency of Vitamin D level (84%). Tobacco cigarette smoking elders had a significantly low serum Vitamin D level (both deficiency and insufficiency) as compared to the nonsmoker group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: There was a significant inverse relationship between Vitamin D level and tobacco cigarette smoking.

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