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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 337-340

Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings in children at rapareen teaching hospital in Erbil, Iraq


Department of Pediatrics, Medical College, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dlair Abdulkhaleq Chalabi
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College, Hawler Medical University, Erbil
Iraq
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_61_20

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Background: Gastrointestinal disorders are a frequent health problem in children and information on digestive disease in children is lacking in most developing countries. The development of flexible esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) with small diameter and the practice of the pediatricians have made gastroscopy feasible at all ages and promote more precise diagnosis and plan for therapy. Objectives: It has been carried out to demonstrate indications and findings of endoscopy in children. Materials and Methods: An observational study involved all patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at Rapareen Teaching Hospital for pediatrics during the period from April 1, 2019 to March 1, 2020. Results: During the study period, 84 patients underwent EGD. The mean age of patients was 6.99 ± 3.84 years ranging from below 1 year up to 14 years, majority of patients were above 5 years of age, and males constitute 65.5% of the study sample. Higher the age (whether mean or above 5 years) the more prone to have abnormal findings and upper gastrointestinal bleeding was the most common indication, while gastritis was the most frequent finding (34, 29.5%). Conclusion: Upper GIT endoscopy is an important tool in digestive disease diagnosis and most children referred had abnormal findings aid decision making and further management. Upper GIT bleeding was frequently reported and higher proportion of patients were male predominantly above 5 years of age.


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