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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-40

Prevalence of Uncomplicated Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection among Adult Females in Babylon Governorate

1 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Babil, Iraq
2 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Babil, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Lubna Raheem Al-Musawi
Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Hilla
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_77_20

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Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most frequent infections in clinical practice. They are classified into uncomplicated UTIs and complicated UTIs. The majority of UTI cases are caused by a single bacterial agent. Diagnosis of UTIs is generally established based on urinalysis and urine culture and treated with appropriate antibiotics. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of uncomplicated recurrent UTI among adult females. Materials and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study conducted in the outpatient clinics of Al-Hilla Teaching Hospital and Babil Hospital for Maternity and Childhood during the period from February till June 2020. Data were collected using a specially designed questionnaire, and a total of 300 participants were included. Results: The overall prevalence of uncomplicated UTI was found to be 36%. The mean age of patients was 28.94 ± 7.42 years. Ninety percent of the patients were married. The proportion of recurrent UTI among married women was significantly higher than that among nonmarried women (P = 0.001), and recurrent UTI was significantly higher among women with family history of UTI (P < 0.001). Conclusions: This study concludes that the prevalence of uncomplicated UTI among adult females in Babylon governorate is 36%, with the majority of cases within the age group of 20–29 years. Recurrent UTI was found to be linked to marital status and positive family history.

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